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A buyer's guide to Canadian equity ETFs

rcarrick@globeandmail.com

Exchange-traded funds are a good idea gone crazy.

There are more than 360 ETFs listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange. Three to six are all you need for a nicely diversified portfolio.

Recognizing that investors need help finding the right ETFs for their portfolios, we're creating The Globe and Mail ETF Buyer's Guide. In this first instalment, we look at 17 different ETFs offering core exposure to the Canadian stock market. Coming in the months ahead: Canadian dividend and bond ETFs, U.S. equity and dividend ETFs and international ETFs. Let me know if you want any other categories covered by sending me an e-mail at rcarrick@globeandmail.com.

Here are some explanations of the terms you'll find in this ETF Buyer's Guide:

Assets: Shown to give you a sense of how interested other investors are in a fund; the smallest funds may be candidates for delisting.

Management expense ratio (MER): The main cost of owning an ETF; published returns are shown on an after-fee basis.

Trading expense ratio (TER): The cost of trading commissions racked up by the managers of an ETF as they shuffle the portfolio to keep it in line with a target index; add the TER to the MER for a fuller picture of a fund's cost.

Dividend yield: Mainstream indexes can be a good source of dividend income.

Distribution frequency: How often are dividends paid out?

Average daily trading volume: Trading of less than 10,000 shares per day on average tells you an ETF isn't generating much interest from investors.

Top three sector weightings: Most Canadian market ETFs reflect the fact that financials, energy and materials account for about 70 per cent of the market; a few ETFs attack the market differently.

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SELECTED EQUITY ETFS: THE NITTY-GRITTY

FundTickerAssets ($-mil)MER (%)TER (%)Recent Price $Div. Yld (%)Avg dly trad. vol/past 30 dysDistrib.Freq.Top ThreeSector Weightings %Top Three Hldngs% (Ticker)1-yr% rtn3-yr% rtn5-yr% rtnLaunch Date
BMO S&P/TSX Capped Composite Index ETFZCN1,0200.17017.972.841,618QTRLYFinancials: 35.4RBC: 6.38.70.6n/a29/05/2009
Energy: 24.7TD: 5.5
Materials: 12.3BNS: 4.7
Comment: A top contender as a go-to ETF for core Canadian exposure. A fair bit cheaper than its main competitor, XIC.
BMO Low Volatility Canadian Equity ETFZLB1430.4020.132.212,335QTRLYFinancials: 18.9FFH: 4.621.3n/an/a21/10/2011
Cons Staples: 17DOL: 4.4
Cons Discr: 14MRU: 3.8
A much tamer mix of stocks than in most Canadian equity ETFs, but check out the top holdings (Fairfax, Dollarama, Metro). Not your usual mix of Canadian blue chips. Perhaps this is more of a complementary fund than a core position.
First Asset Morningstar Cda Momentum IndexWXM51.30.670.1213.071.133,183QTRLYMaterials: 13.4STN: 3.923.2n/an/a15/02/2012
Energy: 13.4HCG: 3.7
Industrials: 13.3WJA: 3.6
Pricey, when you add the TER and MER together, and too new to really judge despite strong early returns. Trading volume suggests there's some interest from investors.
First Asset Morningstar Cda Value Index ETFFXM66.40.680.2113.841.640,193QTRLYIndustrials: 17.2WJA: 3.728.5n/an/a15/02/2012
Cons Staples: 16.5TCL.A: 3.7
Financials: 13.2GNV:3.7
Like WXM, this fund offers a superior level of diversification than mainstream indexes and impressive early results. What we don't know is how it will perform over a full market cycle.
Horizons S&P/TSX 60 Index ETFHXT949.70.06023.60n/a195,729NONEFinancials: 34.3RBC: 8.312.84.1n/a13/09/2010
Energy: 26.3TD: 7.4
Materials: 11.4BNS: 6.1
The cheapest way for investors to buy Canada, and growing in popularity. But the use of derivatives to mimic the performance of the S&P/TSX index is a turnoff for risk-averse investors. Dividends are built into the share price return - no cash is paid quarterly.
Horizons S&P/TSX 60 Equal Weight Index ETFHEW11.00.530.1411.552.31,340QTRLYEnergy: 24.9RBC: 1.75.90.8n/a14/07/2010
Materials: 18.4TD: 1.7
Financials: 16.8BNS: 1.7
Overlooked by investors, and rightly so. Fees on the high side, and no discernible benefits from the equal weighting approach.
iShares Cdn Fundamental Index FundCRQ2220.72013.162.316,654QTRLYFinancials: 42.3RBC: 7.314.73.18.522/02/2006
Energy: 27.3TD: 6.2
Materials: 8.2BNS: 4.9
A great long-term performer that remains a niche player. The high financials weighting is cause for caution.
iShares Dow Jones Cda Select Growth Index FundXCG22.80.550.0423.041.62,516QTRLYMaterials: 23.7CNR: 112.7-1.76.306/11/2006
Industrials: 19.9ENB: 9.9
Energy: 18.4POT: 7.5
Has had its moments in the past five years, but doesn't deliver consistently competitive returns.
iShares Dow Jones Cda Select Value Index FundXCV56.10.550.0122.403.12,258QTRLYFinancials: 55.6RBC: 10.213.93.56.706/11/2006
Energy: 19.7TD: 10.1
Materials: 7.7BNS: 8.7
Good five-year returns and a nice dividend yield. But the financials weighting is massive, especially if you also own bank stocks.
iShares Jantzi Social Index FundXEN21.60.550.0119.532.41,213QTRLYFinancials: 41.6RBC: 10.913.23.26.914/05/2007
Energy: 17.1TD: 9.5
Materials: 11.2BNS: 8.2
A good option for investors who want a socially responsible version of the Canadian market in their portfolios. Companies in the fund are best-in-class in a variety of social measures.
iShares MSCI Canada Minimum Volatility Index FundXMV16.20.340.0223.252.51,694QTRLYEnergy: 20.9BMO: 3.39.5n/an/a24/07/2012
Financials: 19.1TD: 3.3
Cons Staples: 8CM: 3.3
Better diversified than the mainstream indexes, but too soon to say if it gels.
iShares S&P/TSX 60 Index FundXIU11,8130.18019.242.93,769,581QTRLYFinancials: 37.5RBC: 8.49.11.15.728/09/1999
Energy: 22.8TD: 7.3
Materials: 11.3BNS: 6.3
Check the assets - this is Jupiter in Canada's solar system of ETFs. Cheap, liquid and built on blue chips. You can't really go wrong.
iShares S&P/TSX Capped Composite Index FundXIC1,3050.27020.992.782,455QTRLYFinancials: 35.1RBC: 6.38.61.06.716/02/2001
Energy: 23.6TD: 5.5
Materials: 12.3BNS: 4.7
Hard to see the appeal with ZCN around.
PowerShares FTSE RAFI Cdn Fundamental Index ETFPXC98.20.5022.502.73,473QTRLYFinancials: 42.9RBC: 7.312.8n/an/a26/01/2012
Energy: 28.2TD: 6.2
Materials: 7.7BNS: 4.9
A cheaper version of CRQ that hasn't yet caught on.
PowerShares S&P/TSX Composite Low Vol Index ETFTLV18.40.340.0422.223.71,476MTHLYFinancials: 59.5BMO: 2.98.9n/an/a24/04/2012
Energy: 14.7CM: 2.8
Cons Disc: 7.4NA: 2.8
Another attempt to lure conservative investors into the stock market by offering a less volatile mix of stocks. Too heavy on financials to be a core fund.
Vanguard FTSE Canada All Cap Index ETFVCN13.40.12*n/a26.50n/a5,961QTRLYFinancials: 35.1RBC: 6.4n/an/an/a02/08/2013
Energy: 25.8TD: 5.8
Materials: 13.5BNS: 4.8
Something new for the Canadian market - an ETF that wraps small, medium and large stocks into one fund. In the U.S. market, this approach has worked well for investors.
Vanguard FTSE Canada Index ETFVCE1850.11027.822.211,984QTRLYFinancials: 39.5RBC: 7.910.1n/an/a30/11/2011
Energy: 24.5TD: 7.1
Materials: 12.4BNS: 5.8
Frugal investors, don't overlook this one.
Note: * management fee only; the fund is too new to have computed a management expense ratio. Source: Globeinvestor.com, company websites and regulatory filings

© 2007 The Globe and Mail. All rights reserved.

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